International Journal of Dental and Clinical Study https://ijdcs.com/index.php/ijdcs <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 18px; margin: 10px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Sans', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; background-color: #ffffff;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #008000;"><em style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder;">CALL FOR PAPER - </span></em><em style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder;">Fast Track Publication Hub</span></em></span></span></span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 18px; margin: 10px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Sans', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; background-color: #ffffff;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #008000;"><em style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder;">VOLUME - 02 - ISSUE - 03- 2021 </span></em></span></span></span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 18px; margin: 10px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Sans', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; background-color: #ffffff;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #008000;"><em style="box-sizing: border-box;">If you are facing some problem in Online Submission, kindly Email us on following</em></span></span></span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 18px; margin: 10px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Sans', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; background-color: #ffffff;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; color: #008000;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder;">E-mails- || editor@ijdcs.com || editorijdcs93@gmail.com ||</span></span></span></span></p> <hr /> <div> <p><strong style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif; text-align: justify;">Aims and Scope</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">International Journal of Dental and Clinical Studies (IJDCS) is an international, peer-reviewed, open access, journal dedicated to the rapid publication of full-length original research papers, short communications, invited reviews, Case studies and editorial commentary and news, Opinions &amp; Perspectives and Book Reviews written at the invitation of the Editor in all areas of the Dental, Medical and Clinical Study.</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">International Journal of Dental and Clinical Studies (IJDCS) is an academic journal which aims to publish complete and reliable source of information in the field of Dental, Medical and Clinical Study. providing the fundamental knowledge for further research. <em>IJDCS</em> commits to publish the results of researches in medical practice, risk factors and preventive medicine, safety and effectiveness of treatments, and diagnostic tools that are used to treat any disease. Our journal aims to attract an international audience of Medicine professionals enthusiastic to the most updated and substantial medical progress through the full spectrum of medical research.</span></span></p> <hr /> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>|| Dental Studies || Medical Studies || Clinical Studies || </strong></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dental, Physiology, Anesthesia,<strong> </strong>Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cell biology, Genetics, Hematology, Pathology, Immunology, Microbiology, Virology, Parasitology, Surgery, Dental Sciences, Sports Physiology, Histopathology, Toxicology and all major disciplines of Biomedical Sciences, Pharmacokinetics, Molecular Drug Design, Phytochemistry, Toxicology, Biomedical Analysis, Clinical Research, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Cell Biology, Genomics and Proteomics, Pharmacogenomics, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Agriculture, Herbal Medicine, Orthopaedics and all major disciplines of Medical and Biomedical Studies.</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Articles are published as they are accepted and are freely available on the journal’s website to facilitate rapid and broad dissemination of research findings to a global audience.</span></span></p> <hr /> <p> </p> </div> Chimney Rock Rd, apt 981 Houston, TX 77081 en-US International Journal of Dental and Clinical Study 2767-8245 NEW SARS-COV-2 VARIANTS ON THE CURRENT PANDEMIC SITUATION IN INDIA. https://ijdcs.com/index.php/ijdcs/article/view/33 <p>Coronavirus ‘SARS-CoV-2' infection is the primary cause of the global pandemic of novel coronavirus disease. It affects people of all ethnicities, races, and communities. Corona viruses are enveloped RNA viruses with spike-like projections on their tops and a diameter of 60 to 140 nm. With 3,52,991&nbsp;people testing positive for coronavirus infection in a day, the highest so far, India's&nbsp;total tally of COVID-19 cases has climbed to 1,73,13,163 while active cases have crossed the 28-lakh mark,&nbsp;according to the Union Health Ministry data updated on Monday. The&nbsp;death toll increased to&nbsp;1,95,123 with&nbsp;a record&nbsp;2,812 new fatalities. Registering a steady increase, the active cases have increased to&nbsp;28,13,658 comprising 16.25&nbsp;per cent of the total infections, while the national COVID-19 recovery rate has further dropped to 82.62 percent.&nbsp;To conclude, governments should enact or strengthen sick leave entitlements to prevent unnecessary pressure to work while sick, incentivize industries to provide better working conditions, financially support temporary business closures when appropriate, and provide housing for those living in cramped or shared housing. Such interventions may help to reduce group transmission significantly. The local COVID-19 rates and risk factors will determine which of these steps should be implemented.</p> Deepika Kanyal Lata Kanyal Butola Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Dental and Clinical Study 2021-09-12 2021-09-12 2 2 01 05 TESTING A PROTOCOL TO INVESTIGATE XEROSTOMIA MANAGEMENT IN A HOSPITAL PALLIATIVE CARE SETTING - A PILOT STUDY https://ijdcs.com/index.php/ijdcs/article/view/35 <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> This pilot study aimed to test a clinical trial protocol to investigate xerostomia management in palliative care inpatients in Sydney, Australia.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A pilot study using a double blind randomised protocol was used to compare the effectiveness of treatment groups receiving two commercially available dry mouth gels (Group A (n=5), Group B (n=7)) against a control group (Control (n=6)) receiving sodium bicarbonate swabs over a seven day period. Pre- and post-intervention Likert scales were used to measure change in xerostomia symptoms. Data on the range of measures used for dry mouth relief at trial commencement was also collected.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The protocol was feasibly applied in the palliative care setting. The dry mouth products were not significantly different in reducing the symptoms of xerostomia for inpatient palliative care patients. Participants in all three groups showed worsening of xerostomia symptoms over the trial period.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: This pilot study provides a framework for the development of a definitive protocol for further study of dry mouth products used for xerostomia by patients in palliative and supportive care.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: Dry mouth; xerostomia; palliative care; supportive care</strong></p> Zanab Malik Juliette Tran Avanti Karve Jessica Lee Ghauri Aggarwal Lucia Nigro F.A. Clive Wright Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Dental and Clinical Study 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 2 2 06 17 APPLICATION OF PLATELET-RICH FIBRIN (PRF) IN ORAL SURGICAL PROCEDURES https://ijdcs.com/index.php/ijdcs/article/view/32 <p>In 2000, Choukroun pioneered the use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). PRF is considered a second generation platelet concentrate. It is a fibrin mesh structure that stores a variety of growth factors and cytokines and gradually releases them during remodeling. PRF has a wide variety of applications in the field of oral surgery due to its biological potential to accelerate the wound-healing process and tissue regeneration. This review mentioned a number of possible PRF implementations in different oral surgical procedures. This review is based on the literature analysis of current oral surgical procedures including mandibular third molar surgery, preservation of extraction sockets, maxillary sinus augmentation, dressing, dental implant installation, osteonecrosis of jaw, oroantral communication closure, and periodontal surgery. These findings demonstrate that RPF can be employed widely in different types of oral surgical procedures.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Fibrin, oral surgical procedures, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF).</p> AFM Shakilur Rahman Rasel Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Dental and Clinical Study 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 2 2 18 32 MANAGEMENT OF C SHAPED CANALS – CASE SERIES AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE https://ijdcs.com/index.php/ijdcs/article/view/31 <p>A thorough understanding of the anatomical structure and changes of the root canal is an important parameter that determines the clinical success of endodontic treatment. The "C"-shaped canal system is a special anatomical variation that represents a high-incidence ethnic tendency among Asian populations. According to reports, this feature of root canal anatomy appears in various teeth, but it is most common in lower second molars. These root canal systems are named after the transverse morphology of the root and root canal. The presence of fins or nets connecting each mesial and distal root canal causes changes in the cross-section and 3D shape of the root canal along the root. The diagnosis through conventional radiographic techniques and the management of debridement and filling are usually a challenge for dentists. The purpose of this article is to report the successful endodontic treatment of two mandibular molars with a C-shaped root canal system and to review technical details.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Anatomical variation, Cone beam computed tomography, Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath, Mandibular second molar, Root canal configuration, Thermoplasticized gutta-percha</p> Ritika Satija Akshay Pahwa Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Dental and Clinical Study 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 2 2 33 40